New York was a relative latecomer to cannabis reforms yet moved quicker than most in the switch from medical cannabis, which was made available in 2014, to cannabis legalization. Ultimately, New York legalized adult-use cannabis in 2021 following several years of back-and-forth in the legislature. Under the bill, which former Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) signed into law in March 2021, adults 21+ in New York can possess and consume cannabis anywhere they could legally consume tobacco. The law also includes expungement opportunities for prior cannabis convictions. The state will establish an adult-use cannabis market including a 9% state and 4% local tax—40% of cannabis industry tax revenue is earmarked for reinvesting in communities most heavily affected by drug prohibition laws, 40% for public education, and 20% for drug treatment/prevention causes. Home growing in New York is not currently allowed but the state is expected to establish rules later for up to six plants per adult with a max of 12-per-household.
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